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First Battalion
Established in 1962, the organisation consisted of the first three intakes undertaking basic military training. At the beginning, the organisation was setup in Segenting Camp, Port Dickson, Malaysia. After the development of Berakas Garrison in 1975, the organisation was then change to the First Battalion Land Force. Under the command of Colonel J.F Davis, the force consisted of various departments. The departments included Markas Company, Rifle Company A, B, C, D and E.

Second Battalion
Formed on the 2nd of January 1975, it resited temporary at Bolkiah Garrison. In the beggining, the Battalion was occupied by Company B and E of the First Battalion under the command of Commanding Officer at that time Leftenan Colonel A.E Hibbert. The battalion then change to it's new location and on the 10th of May 1976 the Second Battalion was moved to Tutong Camp. Following the formation of the second battalion, Pengiran Ratna Indera Leftenen Colonel Pengiran Dato Setia Ibnu bin Pengiran Datu Penghulu Pengiran Haji Apong was then appointed as the commanding officer in charge.

Third Battalion
In 1994, the third battalion was formed. It was granted for establishment on the 31st May 1994. The battalion was made up of Company D form the First Battalion F Company of the Second Battalion and Command Company from the First and Second Battalion. Maj Shahlan bin Hidup was the first appointed commanding officer in charge of the Battalion. It is located in Penanjong Garisson.

Support Battalion
Support Battalion was first established based on 5 major units namely Armour Reconnaissance Squadron, Combat Engineer Squadron, Air Defence Battery, Penanjong Workshop and Penanjong Garison Headquaters on 2nd January 1990, a historic event took place where Support Battalion was officially established which comprises of 3 major unit namely, Armour Reconnaissance Squadron, Combat Engineer Squadron and Company Headquarters Support Battalion.

Logistic Depot

The history of Logistic Depot Royal Brunei Land Force began in April 1964 where it was first established at Berakas Camp.  It was formally named as The Q Branch Headquarters, Brunei Malay Regiment.  The 1969, Q Branch Headquarter began it's operations, handling supply and purchases of logistics through the foreign company Crown Agent.  In 1969, Q Branch Headquarters was renamed to Force Ordinance Office (FOO).  In 1974, Logistic Depot was established in Berakas Garrison and was later moved to it's permanent building in Bolkiah Garrison under the patronage of Support Service, Royal Brunei Armed Force in 1984.  On 2nd January 2009, Logistic Depot came under the umbrella of the Royal Brunei Land Force when Royal Brunei Armed Force undergone restructuring it's force until to this date.​

Land Engineering

Land Engineering was at first established in 1961 consisting of the Workshop Section under the command of Military Transport and at the same time Electronic and Instrument Section under the command of Signal Squadron. In 1975, the 3 section was combined to form Woksyop Askar Melayu Diraja Brunei and built their first workshop in Bolkiah Garrison in 1980, followed by their second workshop in Penanjong Garrison in 1984. In 1999, Land Engineering was then officially established under the command of the Support Services Royal Brunei Armed Force. Following the disbandment of the Support Services, Land Engineering then became a part of the Royal Brunei Land Force in 2009.

Medical Services

The Medical Service, Royal Brunei Armed Force was established in 1964 by a British Loan Service Medical Officer. The Medical Service was established to serve the needs of the Royal Malay Regiment. With humble beginnings, the first Medical Reception Station, or better known as MRS, was established at F13, Jalan Abu Bakar in Berakas Garrison. In 1965, MRS provided service from it's current location at Jalan Pandangan Laut, Berakas Garrison. Now, the Medical Service include the Medical Training Wing, Medical Store, Environment and Hygeine Wing and 8 MRS throughout the whole country; Berakas Garrison, Bolkiah Garrison, Muara Naval base, Royal Brunei Air Force, Second Batallion Tutong Camp, Penanjong Garrison, Third Batallion Lumut Camp and Bangar Camp.

Major John Moran, who was later bestowed the title "Pehin Orang Kaya Datu Tabib Laila Di Raja" and decorated with "Dato Seri Paduka" by His Majesty the Sultan, was the first Chief Medical Officer (CMO); from 1962 until 1992. The current CMO is the 8th and the first local CMO: Colonel (Dr) Mohd Hafizul bin Haji Mohd Hassan. The first male local Medical Officer, Lieutenant Colonel (Dr) Pg Hj Rosman bin Pg Hj Ismail, was enlisted in 1998 and retired in 2013 whilst the first female local Medical Officer, Major (Dr) Norasiah Ahmad, was enlisted in 2008. In 2014, Captain (Dr) Siti Nur'Raheemah binti PDML DP Hj Musa joined the medical services; she was awarded the Supreme Commander's Scholarship in 2006.

As more local Medical Officers joined the Medical Service, the British Loan Service was ceased in 2011. However, the secondment of Pakistani Army Medical Officers started in 2014, in order to allow local Medical Officers to progress professionally. Currently there are 20 officers serving in the Medical Service; 10 local Medical Officers (including 4 female Medical Officers), 4 Seconded Pakistani Army Medical Officers, 1 Administrative Officer and 1 Training Officer. There are 142 military staff (98 male and 44 female) and 105 Civilian staff.

The Royal Brunei Armed Force Medical Service has been involved in a number of international deployments including United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon Peacekeeping Mission, International Monitoring Team to Mindanao, Republic of the Philippines and HADR Mission to Aceh, Indonesia. Representatives of the RBAF Medical Service has also participated in a number of international Ex. In 2013, RBAF hosted the ADMM-Plus HADR/Military Medicine Exercise.

After 51 years, the Medical Service's future plans include the building of the Military Hospital in Bolkiah Garrison and the extension of services not only to military personnel and their families but to civilian personnel within the Ministry of Defence as well. The Medical Service is also looking into conducting a number of research which will look at improving the service provided.​

Dental Services

Dental Services initially started as a department established in 1972 under the Royal Brunei Malay Regiment. It was then located in a small annex to the MRS Medical Centre in Berakas Garison and provided routine care and emergency dental care for military personnel and their dependents. The department consisted of two dental surgeries, a reception, a waiting room and a single dental laboratory. The department was staffed by Major R. Hubbard, a UK Contract Dental Officer, two local military Dental Surgery Assistants and a civilian receptionist.

Today, Dental Services is comprised of six Dental Centres located in Berakas Garison, Lumut Garison, Tutong Garison, Penanjong Garison, Rimba Airbase and Muara Naval Base, headed by a central Dental Headquarters in Berakas Garison. Clinical facilities have steadily expanded over the years to now total 22 Dental Surgeries, 3 Dental Laboratories, Dental Stores and Procurement Offices and a Dental Equipment Maintenance Workshop. Comprehensive primary oral healthcare services are provided by a staff of 65 military and 25 civilian personnel which includes: 7 Dental Officers, 12 Dental Technicians, 5 Dental Hygienists, 5 Dental Therapists, 24 Dental Surgery Assistants and various supporting staff.

Based on its Strategic Plan of 2010, Dental Services's organisational vision is 'Towards a Quality, Professional and Resource-Efficient Dental Services' which is strongly supported by its Clinical Governance initiative, its recent Dental Career Roadmap and establishment of running contracts. Apart from executing its primary mission of providing effective dental service support to the RBAF, it contributes towards optimising the operational readiness of RBAF personnel by ensuring that they are dentally fit for deployment via active RBAF Dental Fitness State KPI monitoring and reporting.

Fire and Safety

Established in 1971, this unit is responsible in fighting fire and saving lives. This unit comprised of five fire stations throughout the forces and one under the administration of Headquarters Fire and Safety Services Combat Service Support Royal Brunei Land Force. Those fire stations are Royal Brunei Navy Fire Station, Berakas Garrison Fire Station, Penanjong Garrison Fire Station, Tutong Camp Fire Station and Lumut Camp Fire Station. This unit are fully equipped with modern technologies fire fighting gears and as well as fire fighting vehicles. With the vision "TO BE A HIGH CALIBER UNIT THAT SAVE LIVES, SAVE PROPERTIES, PREVENT AND FIGHT FIRE" and its mission "SAVE LIVES AND PROPERTIES, PREVENT AND FIGHT FIRE SWIFTLY AND EFFICIENTLY", this unit will be expended according to the changes of today's development.  And their Motto is "READY TO SERVE".